What are the different types of natural gas?

There are two basic types of natural gas. The characteristics that separate wet from dry are technically dependent on the “thermal maturity” of the rock formation. This is how Penn State University describes the difference between the two: Natural gas is known as being dry or wet, with dry gas being more thermally mature and […]

Why does the natural gas industry continuously refuse to disclose the constituent chemicals in the fracturing liquid? As well as obfuscate any attempt at passing regulation in order to require such practices?

The natural gas industry in Pennsylvania is required to disclose – on a well-by-well basis – the chemical additives used in fracturing fluids. Additionally, additives represent less than 1% of the hydraulic fracturing fluid – the other 99+ percent is sand and water. As far as the chemicals used in the process, the Marcellus Shale […]

How is water actually withdrawn from a stream?

With a hose, water is pumped out of an approved stream at a designated withdrawal point and then either transported by truck or conveyed through a water pipeline to a well location. Water withdrawal for natural gas drilling is one of Pennsylvania’s tightly regulated processes. Depending in which part of the Marcellus Shale play the […]

Is the industry aware that some groups seem pleased with their behavior so far? An attendee asked “What’s the issue”?

As a matter of fact, yes, we frequently hear from individuals, businesses and various stakeholders groups from all corners of the Commonwealth that support safe, job-creating natural gas development. Protecting and enhancing our environment, creating good local jobs and lowering energy costs for consumers is widely supported. This support bears out in public opinion polling […]

What independent studies to date have been performed on the effects of fracking on nearby drinking water?

As you may know, a host of objective, fact-based studies have been conducted focused on groundwater and hydraulic fracturing. Universally, the results continue to clearly demonstrate that fracturing does not impact groundwater. Recently, in fact, as the Associated Press reports, “A landmark federal study on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows no evidence that chemicals from […]

Which would be more economically responsible, finding more fossil fuels or a new alternative?

Access to affordable, reliable forms of energy are key to a strong, growing and prosperous economy. From manufacturing to transportation to providing a reliable and efficient means to power our homes and businesses, natural gas is a key and growingly important component of our domestic energy portfolio. Wind and solar also play a critical role, […]

Is there a central sourcing point for the industry?

In Pennsylvania, the best source of Marcellus Shale gas is in the western and north-central/northeastern portions of the state due to the depth, thickness and total organic content of the resource in those areas.

Haven’t scientists been developing natural gas all along?

Natural gas development was pioneered in the United States. In fact, “In 1821, William Hart dug the first successful natural gas well in the U.S. in Fredonia, New York.” And today — thanks to the persistence and entrepreneurial spirit of George Mitchell and others — “We produce more natural gas than any country on Earth,” […]

Is it true that Act 13 provides for money that can be used for conservation to go to the municipalities?

Absolutely. And just recently, the Pa. Public Utility Commission (PUC) allocated $202.4 million – which is in addition to $1.8 billion paid in natural gas-related taxes and last year’s impact fees of more than $200 million – to various programs, including conservation efforts. Impact fee revenues – generated by the safe, job-creating shale development – […]

How many wells are there currently? How much water used at each well? Where is the water from? How many trucks operate at each well? What chemicals are in the slurry? Where does the polluted toxic slurry go?

There have been roughly 8,000 Marcellus wells drilled in Pennsylvania, though since that number is always growing, we encourage you to consult updated Pa. Department of Environmental Protection records, which include the number of wells drilled in each county and by each operator; the amount of natural gas produced by each well; the number of […]

What is the role of the SRBC in overseeing/permitting withdrawals on a water-shed wide basin?

As you may know, the Susquehanna River Basin Commission (SRBC) regulates water withdrawals and consumptive water use in the river basin, for all industrial, including natural gas use. SRBC provides a great overview of its role in natural gas development. Click here to view that online. And while natural gas development continues at a steady […]

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How can I get a job in the Marcellus Shale industry?

While there are a number of online resources for employment opportunities in the natural gas industry, we would direct you to the Marcellus Shale Coalition’s Job Portal, which links to the employment sections of our 300+ member companies websites.

Why are plant leaves turning brown?

That’s a great question. The Pennsylvania Tourism Office provides a great deal of timely information regarding the Commonwealth’s unique, regional fall leave patterns. Click HERE for more information. Likewise, the Pennsylvania Department Of Conservation and Natural Resources, which notes that “Pennsylvania has a longer and more varied fall foliage season than any other state in […]

600 plus chemicals being pumped into the ground affect the ground water, what clean up can be done to fix that?

Despite claims, hydraulic fracturing fluids are made up of approximately 99.5 percent of the fluid is water and sand. The other 0.5 percent of the fracturing fluid is composed of (in most cases) 3 to 12 additives – not 600 – that serve a unique purpose. This from FracFocus, a national hydraulic fracturing fluids disclosure […]

Will you do another session which will be electronic?

While we continue to engage with a broad spectrum stakeholders through various outlets – community meetings, forums, events as well as social media – at this point we are still exploring options specific to future online Learn About Shale sessions. That said, we would encourage you – and others – to submit questions at any […]

What happens to the land after fracking is completed in a specific area?

Natural gas producers aim to leave behind a small footprint for each well pad through the restoration process. Restoration involves landscaping and contouring the property as closely as possible to pre-drilling conditions. Property owners generally see a small wellhead on a level concrete pad, a small amount of equipment, two to three water storage tanks […]

How come you don’t hire local residents in the areas where you drill? I’ve seen the places you drill and they’re usually poor economic areas. It would help the local economy.

In line with our Guiding Principles, the MSC works to attract and retain a talented local workforce: the development of clean-burning, reliable, and abundant natural gas resources that will improve our energy security and national security for generations to come. Indeed, safe shale development is providing new opportunities for family-sustaining employment in a variety of […]

Why can’t safe additives be found to add to the water used to fracture rock for shale gas removal?

On average, hydraulic fracturing fluids are made up of more than 99.5% of water and sand, with an additional .49% of commonly used additives. These additives, of course, are highly diluted and all fluids and hydrocarbons are isolated within the wellbore, following strict regulations, to ensure groundwater resources are protected. As you may know, MSC […]

Is the industry open to addressing unintended consequences when they occur?

Absolutely, and we do. Our industry takes the protection of our environment and surroundings seriously. After all, the men and women who work to develop the Marcellus Shale are the same men and women who live and raise their families in these communities. Pennsylvania’s extensive regulatory system holds companies liable to remediate any violations; pay […]