What are the different types of natural gas?

There are two basic types of natural gas. The characteristics that separate wet from dry are technically dependent on the “thermal maturity” of the rock formation. This is how Penn State University describes the difference between the two: Natural gas is known as being dry or wet, with dry gas being more thermally mature and […]

Why does the natural gas industry continuously refuse to disclose the constituent chemicals in the fracturing liquid? As well as obfuscate any attempt at passing regulation in order to require such practices?

The natural gas industry in Pennsylvania is required to disclose – on a well-by-well basis – the chemical additives used in fracturing fluids. Additionally, additives represent less than 1% of the hydraulic fracturing fluid – the other 99+ percent is sand and water. As far as the chemicals used in the process, the Marcellus Shale […]

How is water actually withdrawn from a stream?

With a hose, water is pumped out of an approved stream at a designated withdrawal point and then either transported by truck or conveyed through a water pipeline to a well location. Water withdrawal for natural gas drilling is one of Pennsylvania’s tightly regulated processes. Depending in which part of the Marcellus Shale play the […]

Is the industry aware that some groups seem pleased with their behavior so far? An attendee asked “What’s the issue”?

As a matter of fact, yes, we frequently hear from individuals, businesses and various stakeholders groups from all corners of the Commonwealth that support safe, job-creating natural gas development. Protecting and enhancing our environment, creating good local jobs and lowering energy costs for consumers is widely supported. This support bears out in public opinion polling […]

What independent studies to date have been performed on the effects of fracking on nearby drinking water?

As you may know, a host of objective, fact-based studies have been conducted focused on groundwater and hydraulic fracturing. Universally, the results continue to clearly demonstrate that fracturing does not impact groundwater. Recently, in fact, as the Associated Press reports, “A landmark federal study on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows no evidence that chemicals from […]

Which would be more economically responsible, finding more fossil fuels or a new alternative?

Access to affordable, reliable forms of energy are key to a strong, growing and prosperous economy. From manufacturing to transportation to providing a reliable and efficient means to power our homes and businesses, natural gas is a key and growingly important component of our domestic energy portfolio. Wind and solar also play a critical role, […]

Is there a central sourcing point for the industry?

In Pennsylvania, the best source of Marcellus Shale gas is in the western and north-central/northeastern portions of the state due to the depth, thickness and total organic content of the resource in those areas.

Haven’t scientists been developing natural gas all along?

Natural gas development was pioneered in the United States. In fact, “In 1821, William Hart dug the first successful natural gas well in the U.S. in Fredonia, New York.” And today — thanks to the persistence and entrepreneurial spirit of George Mitchell and others — “We produce more natural gas than any country on Earth,” […]

Is it true that Act 13 provides for money that can be used for conservation to go to the municipalities?

Absolutely. And just recently, the Pa. Public Utility Commission (PUC) allocated $202.4 million – which is in addition to $1.8 billion paid in natural gas-related taxes and last year’s impact fees of more than $200 million – to various programs, including conservation efforts. Impact fee revenues – generated by the safe, job-creating shale development – […]

How many wells are there currently? How much water used at each well? Where is the water from? How many trucks operate at each well? What chemicals are in the slurry? Where does the polluted toxic slurry go?

There have been roughly 8,000 Marcellus wells drilled in Pennsylvania, though since that number is always growing, we encourage you to consult updated Pa. Department of Environmental Protection records, which include the number of wells drilled in each county and by each operator; the amount of natural gas produced by each well; the number of […]