Are there some areas in PA of high enough ecological value that they should not be drilled in?

There are some areas that are not open to development of any kind because of their ecological value. Pennsylvania also has in place a host of laws and regulations to ensure that natural gas development can happen in approved areas while protecting our environment and native species. Federal laws, including the Endangered Species Act and […]

How will PA be affected after the drilling is complete?

One of the natural gas industries main objectives is to minimize our geological footprint and bring properties back to pre-drilling conditions once active operations are complete. In order to reduce our impact we rely on a restoration process that involves landscaping and contouring to previous specifications. Here is some information directly from our website: Why […]

Is shale gas the same as the natural gas we have been getting from other stratel?

Yes, natural gas from shale formations – such as the Marcellus, Utica, and Upper Devonian – is essentially the same as natural gas that we have been producing from shallow formations for years. Now operators drill up to 8,000 feet underground, reaching the shale formation, before they begin the hydraulic fracturing process to stimulate trapped […]

Between trucking, compression, extraction, infrastructure repair and construction, etc., isn’t natural gas just as environmentally hazardous/unsustainable as other fossil fuels.

All energy sources, and all industrial activity, carry a level of risk. And when you think about it, every activity in life, carries some risk. The key to responsible energy development, like any other, is to effectively manage that risk. With stringent environmental (Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Stream Act, Act 13 etc.) […]

What are the different types of natural gas?

There are two basic types of natural gas. The characteristics that separate wet from dry are technically dependent on the “thermal maturity” of the rock formation. This is how Penn State University describes the difference between the two: Natural gas is known as being dry or wet, with dry gas being more thermally mature and […]

What independent studies to date have been performed on the effects of fracking on nearby drinking water?

As you may know, a host of objective, fact-based studies have been conducted focused on groundwater and hydraulic fracturing. Universally, the results continue to clearly demonstrate that fracturing does not impact groundwater. Recently, in fact, as the Associated Press reports, “A landmark federal study on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows no evidence that chemicals from […]

Why are plant leaves turning brown?

That’s a great question. The Pennsylvania Tourism Office provides a great deal of timely information regarding the Commonwealth’s unique, regional fall leave patterns. Click HERE for more information. Likewise, the Pennsylvania Department Of Conservation and Natural Resources, which notes that “Pennsylvania has a longer and more varied fall foliage season than any other state in […]

600 plus chemicals being pumped into the ground affect the ground water, what clean up can be done to fix that?

Despite claims, hydraulic fracturing fluids are made up of approximately 99.5 percent of the fluid is water and sand. The other 0.5 percent of the fracturing fluid is composed of (in most cases) 3 to 12 additives – not 600 – that serve a unique purpose. This from FracFocus, a national hydraulic fracturing fluids disclosure […]

Do you believe you have the moral obligation of telling me how your processes negatively affect my water supply? Do you accept the premise that there is a moral obligation?

As you may know, strong regulatory safeguards and requirements are in place to ensure that our water resources are protected as natural gas is safely developed, leveraging advanced technologies. And while some claim that the natural gas development process – specifically hydraulic fracturing – has impacted groundwater, facts and science continue to demonstrate otherwise. In […]

Why can’t safe additives be found to add to the water used to fracture rock for shale gas removal?

On average, hydraulic fracturing fluids are made up of more than 99.5% of water and sand, with an additional .49% of commonly used additives. These additives, of course, are highly diluted and all fluids and hydrocarbons are isolated within the wellbore, following strict regulations, to ensure groundwater resources are protected. As you may know, MSC […]

Should the industry be allowed to withdraw water from streams having an “exceptional value” designation?

Water withdrawal for natural gas drilling is one of Pennsylvania’s tightly regulated processes. Depending in which part of the Marcellus Shale play the hydraulic fracturing operations are happening, the Susquehanna River Basin Commission and the Pa. Department of Environmental Protection require operators to seek approval before withdrawing or using any amount of water for unconventional […]

The drill-cut mud, frack-chem, sawdust soaked in frack-chem and the crystalline silica mixed with frack-chem laying in the streets of Troy, PA is making everyone sick. Who should have to pay for the medical costs caused by this environmental epidemic?

Regulations are in place to ensure that whoever is responsible for incidents like what you’re describing is held responsible. That being said, we have yet to hear of any case such as this that is linked to the safe, time-tested and tightly regulated process of hydraulic fracturing. Additionally, U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz has said: […]

Should the industry be allowed to withdraw water from the headwaters of brook trout streams?

There are a host of laws and regulations in place to ensure that natural gas development can occur while protecting our environment and our native species, including trout. Water withdrawal for natural gas drilling is one of Pennsylvania’s tightly regulated processes. Depending in which part of the Marcellus Shale play the hydraulic fracturing operations are […]

Is this development safe for the environment and the integrity of the earth’s core?

Hydraulic fracturing is a proven process that has been safely used to complete more than a million wells in the United States, and it is one of the processes tightly regulated by Pennsylvania’s DEP. Some people think that hydraulic fracturing creates large holes in the rock formation that could destabilize the formation. It does not. […]

What chemicals are used in hydraulic fracturing and how will they impact the environment?

The additives used in hydraulic fracturing represent less than half a percent of the total fluid volume, with the rest of the mixture being water and sand. More information about these additives, which are all found in common consumer products, can be found at FracFocus.org.

How do we know that our water supply is not being polluted by the fracking process?

Groundwater is closely monitored, prior to and following drilling and fracturing operations. This well-regulated and critical process has never impacted groundwater, as you may know. U.S. Energy Sec. Moniz and countless other officials and experts, have confirmed this fact. Recently, too, “A landmark federal study on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows no evidence that chemicals […]

How much ground water contamination is expected and how will the companies clean it up before it reaches drinking water wells since there seems to be no concern from the companies?

As you may know, hydraulic fracturing has been done safely in the United States for more than 60 years with no instance of groundwater contamination. There are many steps in place to ensure fracturing is done safely, and it is one of the processes tightly regulated by Pa. DEP. MSC’s member companies are committed to […]

Will there be compensation to farmers of still-born calves in areas of contaminated water from fracking?

Hydraulic fracturing does not present unmanageable risk to our environmental or to agriculture. Not only are cattle and other animals not negatively affected by fracturing, shale development is providing new and much-needed revenue streams, allowing farmers to continue operating their family farms. Responsible shale development is providing important jobs and revenue to farmers, giving them […]

Can you prove with any degree of certainty that there is no danger from fracking process with respect to the water supply being contaminated?

As you may know, hydraulic fracturing has never contaminated groundwater, as confirmed by U.S. Energy Sec. Moniz and countless other officials and experts. Recently, in fact, “A landmark federal study on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows no evidence that chemicals from the natural gas drilling process moved up to contaminate drinking water aquifers at a […]

Why is it the only time there’s explosive levels of natural methane and chemical in private water wells there’s also a gas well nearby?

Naturally-occurring methane in private water wells across the Commonwealth is a longstanding issue, dating back decades before shale development, which began in 2004. For example, a recent peer-reviewed study in the journal “Groundwater” found that naturally occurring methane is abundant in northeastern Pennsylvania. The fact is that hydraulic fracturing is a proven process that has […]

What are the actual and potential roles of abandoned (improperly P&A’d) wells in bringing unwanted gas to the surface?

Given Pennsylvania’s long history of oil and natural gas production, there are potential hazards with old abandoned and orphan wells. The Pa. DEP has a program that works to identify such wells and plug them. Current regulations include stringent well plugging requirements for operators. All wells must be plugged once a well is decommissioned and […]

Are the companies drilling going to have to pay to purify the trillions of gallons of water they are contaminating by upsetting the earth’s natural filtering system.

Despite claims, actual facts and straightforward science continue to demonstrate that shale development – specifically hydraulic fracturing – does not impact groundwater. Recently, in fact, “A landmark federal study on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows no evidence that chemicals from the natural gas drilling process moved up to contaminate drinking water aquifers at a western […]

How will the industry align response to the environment ethos in this region where recycling is second nature and different than 10-15 years ago?

Our industry is committed to being good neighbors and positively impacting communities. We live here too after all, and are working to make certain that our environment is protected and enhanced for generations to come. As it relates specifically to recycling efforts, you should know that thanks to new, innovative water management technologies – along […]

Is the industry documenting the impacts from its drilling and transportation activity?

MSC member companies are committed to creating strong working relationships with the communities where we operate, and working toward the shared goal of making positive contributions while addressing local needs. As you may know, shale development is tightly regulated by the Pa. DEP, as well as other governmental agencies. The Oil and Gas Act, which […]

With all the state game lands, roads and waterways in the northern tier being in the drilling area, where are the royalties going?

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania has leased some state game and forest lands for natural gas development. While each lease is unique, the state has negotiated an 18 percent royalty rate for a few tracts of land in central Pennsylvania. The state minimum is 12.5 percent. Additionally, through Act 13, the commonwealth receives an impact fee […]

New Jersey recently prohibited treatment and disposal of fracking wastes: Are similar restrictions likely in NY, DEL, MD? What are current regulations in PA and how are they likely to change?

While New Jersey has passed restrictions related to treating flowback and produced water associated with shale development, we cannot speculate as to whether other states may pursue similar action. However, and as you may know, there’s certainly been a great deal of research conducted surrounding the issue of hydraulic fracturing and overall water treatment and […]

Is the industry monitoring the level of methane reaching the surface in areas where fracking has occurred?

The natural gas industry follows – and often exceeds – strict regulations to safeguard our environment, especially our water resources. As you may know, natural gas – or methane – has historically been, and continues to be, present in communities across Pennsylvania. Shallow, naturally-occurring methane can migrate into private water wells. In fact, a recent […]

Philadelphia City Council is vocal and concerned about the impact on water from natural gas development. What is going to be done about that?

Protecting and enhancing our environment is paramount to this industry. It falls in line with the Marcellus Shale Coalition’s (MSC) Guiding Principle to implement state-of-the-art environmental protection across our operations; and further, we aim to encourage spirited public dialogue and fact-based education about responsible shale gas development. Pennsylvania’s extensive regulatory system, with which our operators […]

How do you address the environmental concerns?

In keeping with our Guiding Principles and Recommended Practices, this industry is committed to conducting operations in a manner that protects the environment and the health and safety of all Pennsylvanians. Our state’s extensive regulatory system, with which our operators comply through every step of the process, also ensures our environment—water, air and land—and public […]

Is Texas totally out of water? Can they do any more fracking in Texas? Is power generation possible in Texas?

As you may, the Marcellus Shale Coalition is focused principally on natural gas activities in Pennsylvania. Therefore, we would encourage you to contact the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) for more information regarding water conditions in the state of Texas. Texas is not out of water, yet the state continues to face ongoing drought-related challenges […]

Does it destroy habitats?

Oil and natural gas companies are committed to being good neighbors and positively impacting communities by minimizing surface disturbance and protecting our environment. When developing site plans, natural gas producers must meet a host of regulations and follow best practices aimed at restoring land and habitats to their original state — or better. Operators work closely with […]

What is the environmental impact, considering our tourism, attractiveness of PA’s environment, and can industry cut its profits in order to better protect the environment?

Tourism and safe, job-creating natural gas production can and must be balanced. Throughout the process of producing clean-burning natural gas, oil and natural gas companies have made decreasing their environmental impact a top priority. Best practices are in place – along with strong, common sense environmental regulations – to ensure land is properly restored. As you […]

How it would affect the spoil the land for other use?

Natural gas producers aim to leave behind a small footprint for each well pad through the restoration process. Restoration involves landscaping and contouring the property as closely as possible to pre-drilling conditions. Property owners generally see a small wellhead on a level concrete pad, a small amount of equipment, two to three water storage tanks […]

Are they prepared to deal with the damage that caused from fracking?

 While natural gas development is highly-industrial short-term process, there are a host of common sense regulations in place to ensure that our environment is protected – which is a key priority for our industry. After all, we live here and are raising our families here, and want clean air and water and healthy, thriving environment. […]

What happens to water supply and wildlife?

If an operator properly constructs a well in accordance with state and federal regulations and have strict procedures on the handling of fluids at the surface, there shouldn’t be an impact on the water supply. That said, every Marcellus Shale producers is requires by law to have a spill response plan in the event an […]

What is the impact on water and wells in Commonwealth?

Natural gas development from shale formations is an effective, well-regulated and proven process. As you may know, each Marcellus Shale well has at least four layers of steel and cement that encase that create impenetrable barrier to prevent fracturing fluids (made up typically of more than 99.5% water and sand) and natural gas from communicating […]

What prevents the water from becoming combustible?

Pennsylvania has an aggressive, modernized regulatory framework aimed at ensuring that natural gas production occurs in way that protects our environment, especially our water resources. In addition to the strict environmental regulations in the place in Pennsylvania that protect groundwater resources, the MSC has released several Recommended Practices on this subject, including Pre-Drill Water Supply […]

What is the sacrifice to the environment?

Environmental stewardship is a top priority for our industry. Best practices are in place to ensure land is restored to its original state — or better. In fact, last year the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Fuels Energy released a study identifying the environmental benefits of advanced natural gas exploration and production. The study […]

How long will current well pads be used before being reclaimed?

Natural gas producers aim to leave behind a small footprint for each well pad through the restoration process. Restoration involves landscaping and contouring the property as closely as possible to pre-drilling conditions. Property owners generally see a small wellhead on a level concrete pad, a small amount of equipment, several water storage tanks and a […]

Pennsylvania is the guinea pig, so what financial security or escrow can be put in place so taxpayers don’t pay for problems?

Pennsylvania WAS the guinea pig – in 1850.  That’s when the oil and natural gas industry arrived in Pennsylvania. Since that time, more than 350,000 wells have been developed in the oil and natural gas producing regions of the commonwealth. And while the underlying principle of exploration for and producing oil and natural gas is […]

What is the impact on watersheds?

Water plays a central role in developing the Marcellus Shale. Without it, we simply couldn’t harvest this clean-burning, job-creating resource. As you may know, there are three main watersheds in Pennsylvania, two of which – the Susquehanna River and Ohio River basins – supply a good bit of water to operators. In order to withdraw […]

What happens to the region after you drill for it?

After a well is completed, operators are required by law to reclaim the well site within 90 days. Once a well is “in production,” meaning that it is producing gas to a pipeline for end use, it is monitored by the well’s owner remotely (24 hours a day, every day) along with daily inspections by […]

How many home values have you destroyed today?

While we’re committed to answering every question we’re asked here at Learn About Shale, we disagree with the premise of your question. To the contrary, the real estate market in many Marcellus producing counties is quite strong, with home values appreciating and local economies surging. And while there will certainly be those who oppose natural […]

Is it disruptive to the land?

In order to construct a well pad, vegetation is removed and the land is leveled.  When constructing a pipeline, a right of way is established and cleared. The Marcellus Shale Coalition has a series of recommended practices on Site Planning, Development and Restoration that go into greater detail on land management guidelines. State regulations require […]

How will you manage the risks from climate change? Nat gas still contributes to CO2&CH4. Will you support Carbon Capture and sequestration?

Natural gas is a clean-burning fuel with real environmental benefits. With record volumes of natural gas now being produced here in Pennsylvania and across the country, air quality is actually improving, as recently noted by the Wall Street Journal. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the United States are at near […]

Why should profits from fracking take precedence over the environment?

That’s really a false premise and is certainly not the case in Pennsylvania. We can, and must, balance the safe development of job-creating American natural gas with proper environmental safeguards and protections. And not only is it in our member companies’ business interests to protect our environment, but our industry support nearly 240,000 Pennsylvania jobs. […]

If your drinking water came from a well, would you want chemicals injected into the same area (or upstream)?

Protecting and enhancing our environment is paramount to our industry. There are a host of regulations in place to ensure that natural gas development occurs in way that protects both ground- and freshwater resources. As it relates to protecting groundwater, each Marcellus Shale well has at least four layers of steel and cement that encase […]

What is the long-term beneficial impact on air quality in PA by using natural gas to produce electricity in the states to the West?

Through leveraging more homegrown natural gas to meet our nation’s growing energy demands, both in power generation as well as in transportation, regional and national air quality will continue to be enhanced. We’re already seeing steep increasing in air quality, driven principally by expanded natural gas use. Kathryn Klaber, the MSC’s CEO, lays out these […]

Will the equipment needed change the landscape?

It all depends on where the well is located. For example: if an operator decides that an open pasture on a farm is the best location for a well pad, then you won’t see much of a change in the landscape once the well is completed. Should the well pad be located in an area […]

Will a water purification bottle render water taken from a stream where frack fluids were dumped safe to drink?

As you may know, a host of regulatory safeguards and requirements, as well as advanced technologies, are in place to ensure that our water resources are protected. Click here to read more.