What forces produced water to the surface and how long can it be expected that this flow of water would last in a well?

Produced water is often made up of naturally occurring water found in shale formations coupled with water introduced into the formation during the completions – or hydraulic fracturing phase – that flows up through the wellbore during the life of the well. Like flowback water – or water that returns to the surface immediately following […]

Are you researching new or different methods without using chemicals?

As you may know, sand and water make up 99.5 percent of the liquids used in the well completions – or hydraulic fracturing – process, while the remaining 0.05 percent is comprised of additives which serve a specific purpose, such as reducing friction in the wellbore, preventing corrosion and eliminating bacteria. These additives are needed […]

What happens to the water after the well is developed? Can’t discharge it. Onsite treatment can’t treat it all.

There has been an extraordinary trend – driven by technological advancements – over the past several years as it relates to recycling and reusing flowback and produced water across shale operations in Pennsylvania.  According to the most recent data gathered by the Pa. DEP, shale producers are recycling and reusing, in some cases, more than […]

Can the industry go above and beyond what is required by regulation?

Absolutely, in fact, that’s a key tenant of our Guiding Principles. Through advancements in water management and recycling technologies to making certain that wells are constructed to ensure groundwater is protecting, our member companies routinely exceed standard regulations. While many of these common sense efforts are not required, they are taken to ensure that we […]

Engage in research geared towards reducing negative impacts and fostering positive impacts?

MSC member companies and environmental regulators here in Pennsylvania are continuously looking for ways to improve the various aspects of natural gas development. A few examples include regional air monitoring tests by Pa. DEP, a recently announced year-long NORM study and a white paper encouraging operators to utilize mine water in their operations – all […]

Given the refining and port capacity, what products, etc. flow through the Philadelphia region?

Pennsylvania has a historic opportunity before it: cleaner air, more affordable energy and sustained job creation. Philadelphia is a large part of that. Opportunities are blossoming along the Marcellus Multiplier, and for good reason. Since sustainable shale development has come to the region, once shuttered refineries are again online; companies that had previously gone overseas […]

What policies are in place in case of disaster?

Based on best practices and crisis preparedness, companies have in place incident management plans for a broad range of operational scenarios and natural disasters. Plans contain provisions for handling particular emergencies and clearly assign authority and duties to ensure effective response. Disaster preparation training is conducted by industry, to ensure adequate training is in place in […]

What is the long term plan for rehabilitation of well sites? What will be the state of “gas towns” after the wells are done producing?

After a well has been drilled and hydraulically fractured, production equipment is installed. Once the well is connected to the necessary midstream pipeline infrastructure and begins producing natural gas, areas of the well site that are no longer needed are removed and subsequently reclaimed. To learn more about these reclamation efforts, please review our Recommended […]

How do they do it? Is it a pressurized thing? How do they extract gas or convert it?

Prior to drilling a well, an operator must first lease land from landowners, obtain the required permits from state and federal regulators and build a pad site. Once these steps are completed, a drilling rig is assembled on location and the drilling process begins. Once the drilling process is completed (it usually take 20-30 days […]

How much can be withdrawn per minute, per hour, per day?

That really depends on a host of factors, principally supply and demand. Thankfully, as you may know, Pennsylvania is a water-rich state. And while the safe development of clean-burning natural gas from the Marcellus Shale is a water-intensive process, it’s also a process that is tightly-regulated, particularly as it relates to water management. State and […]